PTE Written Discourse: Everything Explained | Preparation Checklist and Sample Answer!

PTE Written Discourse training gets packaged and re-packaged all the time. It requires a lot of written and comprehension skills and it’s no wonder so many students trip-up on PTE Writing.

Let’s reveal why and present a useful test-preparation checklist and build a sample answer for PTE Written Discourse.  

What is PTE Written Discourse?

A common question that students ask is: “Why is my PTE Written Discourse mark so low?” Then following this, “What is Written Discourse?!

If you check the meaning of ‘discourse,’ it means a formal conversation where one expresses one’s ideas in a logical flow and progression.

In the PTE score guide, in regard to PTE Written Discourse they say:

‘Written discourse skills are represented in the structure of a written text: entailing its internal coherence, logical development and the range of linguistic resources used to express meaning precisely. Scores for enabling skills are not awarded when responses are inappropriate for the items in either content or form.’

Which question types does PTE Written Discourse relate to?

So, what on earth does all that mean for you in the test and which questions does it affect?

Basically, it’s referring to a few things: firstly, the meaning and logical sequence of your content, also, your sentence, paragraph overall essay or summary structures, in addition to usage of linking words, correct punctuation and accuracy in how your express your ideas.

Importantly, as noted above, if you go off topic in your essay or do not get all the main points in your summary, and/or do not follow the requirements of the word count you, will miss out on marks in the PTE Written Discourse enabling skills.

Therefore, your PTE Written Discourse score will be determined by your essay and summary content, for both the written text and spoken text summary questions in terms of content and structure quality as above.

How can I improve my PTE Written Discourse score in my essay?

PTE Written Discourse
Read the PTE written discourse advice and learn how the response is constructed below!
#1 Check that you understand the topic 100% and follow the instructions

Take time to deeply understand the essay topic: check what is the general/ broader topic, and then in your own words interpret the specific topic and question being asked.

So if you had the essay question:‘ In the past 100 years there have been many inventions, such as antibiotics, airplanes and computers. Which do you think is the most important invention and why?’

The broader topic is about great inventions in the modern era, and the question or specific topic is about which you believe to be the most significant one; then the instruction is to choose one and explain why you believe that to be the case.

#2 Refine your essay and paragraph structure and academic tone

Follow a structure, for your whole essay, including an introduction, 2 main body paragraphs and a conclusion, as well as a structure for each paragraph. Also, make sure that you use appropriate formal tone, academic words, as well as linking words.

For example, for the above topic you could introduce your first main body paragraph as such: Firstly, computers have had an enormous positive impact on communication in the workplace.

This is a simple but clear topic sentence to introduce the main idea of the whole paragraph: the linking word, Firstly, is used to indicate it’s the start of your main argument and academic words and collocations such as, have an enormous positive impact on… and workplace are effective, natural-sounding word choices to make your initial point in a powerful way.

Compare the above to: Computers are very good to use at work for your job. While this second version is correct, it sounds much less formal/academic and has less impact. However, at the same, be sure not to go to the other extreme, meaning, you don’t have to go crazy with difficult vocabulary that you aren’t at all familiar with!

This can lead to lack of clarity and sounds ‘flowery’ (overly wordy) and unnatural, which is not what you are aiming for.

For example, don’t write: Computerised systems in venues of employment have prolifically infiltrated the world of work to exponentially enhance the work experience and add significant value to our workplace practices!

This sounds ridiculous as it’s so convoluted and the reader is left thinking: what exactly does that mean and what is wrong with the person who wrote it as it sounds so strange!

For PTE preparation materials you can’t live without, have a read and follow the links on the article: PTE Review Materials You Can’t Miss!

#3 Improve your sentence structure and punctuation skills

As well as addressing essay and paragraph structure, it is important use a range of sentence structures, such as compound (sentences which contain 2 independent clauses) and complex sentences (ones which contain an independent clause and a dependent clause).

Also, it’s important to check you know English punctuation rules, including comma usage, colons, semi-colons and apostrophes.

For example, following on from our topic sentence above, we could use a complex sentence structure with appropriate punctuation to explain our topic sentence and give evidence:

Firstly, computers have had an enormous positive impact on communication in the workplace. In general, they have increased the speed and ease of communication at work, which consequently improves efficiency and thus leads to business growth.

For some quick written discourse advice, watch this video with Kaia from E2 PTE: Increase Your Written Discourse Score!

#4 Finally, we need to have a logical flow in ideas and development in structure.

To illustrate, we could conclude our paragraph by adding an example to support our main idea and a concluding sentence for our paragraph relating back to the topic sentence and overall essay topic.

So our complete paragraph will look like this:

Click Here to See our PTE Written Discourse Sample Answer!

PTE Written Discourse Answer

Firstly, computers have had an enormous positive impact on communication in the workplace. In general, they have increased the speed and ease of communication at work, which consequently improves efficiency and thus leads to business growth. For example, a national business could easily become global these days as both advertising and customer- communication can be solely conducted online regardless of time zones, cost constraints and location. In this way, computers have revolutionised opportunities for businesses and have made the world a lot ‘smaller. 

In summary, this is how you can address and improve on your PTE Written Discourse enabling skills:

  1. Use relevant content
  2. Adopt a good structure
  3. Use linking words
  4. Mix it up with a range of sentence types
  5. Correct punctuation
  6. Adopt appropriate tone and accurate vocabulary
  7. Present a logical sequence of ideas.

And of course: FEEDBACK! When it comes to PTE Writing practice, teacher feedback is almost always necessary for getting a clear sense of how to improve. Take a look at the article: Yes, You Definitely Need Feedback On Your PTE Writing Practice!’

For further advice on PTE Written Discourse please take a look at this PTE video: ‘Ask Jay Anything: High PTE Written Discourse Score but Low Overall Writing Score?’

For PTE scoring advice regarding PTE Written Discourse enabling skills, click on the article: ‘PTE Scoring for Newbies: Key Questions Answered!’

For some great PTE writing tips, head over to: PTE Writing Tips: How to Improve Your Essay

Happy PTE Written Discourse writing!

Follow our social media for more information on the PTE! 


Written By Danielle. 


Answer these PTE Describe Image Practice Questions | Boost your score!

Note: This article follows on from How to Crack PTE Describe Image: Formula & FAQS

Kick-start your PTE Describe Image practice by using the 4-sentence formula to answer these tricky example questions!  

So, these questions are designed to test your speaking skills.

Remember that you only have 25 seconds to prepare for the PTE Describe Image. You need to understand an image, think quickly and deliver fluent, grammatical and relevant sentences within a 40 second timeframe. What a challenge!

Use the 4-sentence formula (explained in the previous article above) and attempt the following PTE Describe Image practice charts by speaking to the following types:

  • Process/cycle
  • Flowchart
  • Line graph
  • Table
  • Bar graph
  • Picture
pte describe image   Practice recording your answers! 
PTE Describe Image Practice: Example of a Process or Cycle

PTE describe imageYour turn. Describe the process above.

Possible Response

Click to show/hide answer

The image shows the design process for a new house. The process begins when the client completes a questionnaire and ends when a light-filled comfortable house is created. After a free initial consultation the design phase begins. Next is the pre-construction phase which is followed by construction.  During the final phase the keys are handed over and there is a maintenance check. After this the clients can enjoy their new home.

Language for PTE Describe Image 

Make sure you are confident with the language for images and that you can pronounce key words correctly. Your correct use of grammar and vocabulary will drastically improve your overall score.

PTE describe image

PTE describe image

PTE describe image

PTE Describe Image Practice

You’ve got the language. You’ve got the techniques. Now to truly feel comfortable with this task, you need to practice.

Here are some images. You have 25 seconds to prepare and 40 seconds to speak.

Example 1 – Flowchart

PTE describe image

Possible Response

Click to show/hide answer

The image shows the Enquiry Process and Terms of Reference for Australia in 2015. The process begins with the Terms of Reference and ends with the Government response. At the beginning there is initial research and consultation followed by an Issues Paper and a call for submissions. Then there is a Review of Submissions. Later a Discussion paper is produced. This is reviewed and after further consultation a final report is produced. This then goes to the government and a response is given which may involve a change in the law.

Example 2 – Line graph

PTE describe imagePossible Response

Click to show/hide answer

The line graph shows the crude death rate for infectious diseases in the US from 1900 to 1996. The highest rate of deaths was in 1920 whereas the lowest was in 1980. The number of deaths fell consistently over the period apart from the peak in 1920 and a rise after 1980. Possible reasons for the overall fall in deaths from infectious diseases may be related to the introduction of penicillin and vaccines.

Example 3 – Table

PTE describe image

Possible Response

Click to show/hide answer

The table shows the demographic composition of white-tailed deer pre-hunting populations in North Carolina on a 30,000 acre area from 1965 to 2000. The largest total number of deer occurred in 1965 while the smallest number occurred in 1985. Numbers of males declined throughout the period while female numbers fluctuated, but were always higher than males. A possible reason for fluctuations in numbers may be related to climate conditions.

Example 4 – Bar chart

 PTE describe image

Possible Response

Click to show/hide answer

The bar graph shows the distribution of vehicles by origin and type. The most common vehicles were sedans whereas the least common where hybrids.  The majority of sports cars and wagons came from Europe, but overall the largest numbers of cars came from Asia and the USA.  A possible reason for the popularity of the sedan may be that it is a family car and is suitable for a vast range of consumers. The hybrid may be the least popular because it is expensive.

Example 5 – Picture

 PTE describe image

Possible Response

Click to show/hide answer

The map shows the Republic of Cyprus. The largest region on the map is the Republic of Northern Cyprus while the smallest is Episkopi in the south. The island is in the Mediterranean Sea and the north and south are separated by a UN buffer zone. The Troodos Mountains run through the regions of Paphos and Limassol in the south. A possible reason for the UN buffer zone may be political differences.

Note: Be flexible with maps. An extra sentence was added before the conclusion in order to make 30 seconds.

There you have it! Some great PTE describe image practice questions that are similar to what you will get on test-day!

For more specific PTE task practice, try these PTE Repeat sentence practice activities from our blog! 

Follow our social media for more information on the PTE! 

Written by Melinda. 

How To Crack PTE Describe Image: Effective Formula & FAQs

This article for PTE describe image will feature methods and practice examples to prepare you for the trickiest PTE task on test-day! 

Unpacking PTE Describe Image

PTE describe image task seems to strike terror into even the most competent speaker. And, it’s not surprising!

You only have a few seconds to prepare for the PTE Describe Image and you need to understand an image, think quickly and deliver fluent, grammatical and relevant sentences within a 40 second timeframe. That’s clearly challenging.

So the big question is … are there any tricks or methods that will help? And the answer is ‘yes’ you can certainly reduce the difficulty; and you do this by reducing the decision making.

PTE describe image
Clever decision making will make the PTE describe image task more manageable. Let’s us show you how!

4-Sentence Formula 

Each image is different, but you can use a 4-sentence formula which will work for most images.

  1. Introduction
  2. Compare highest – lowest, most – least, maximum – minimum, and so on.
  3. Create a sentence about either similarities or about something unusual.
  4. Conclusion – summary, reason or prediction

This structure enables you to talk about three main features and if you keep your sentences simple, you’ll be able to do that in around 35 seconds.

Let’s break the four sentences down.

Sentence 1 – Introduction

Tell the listener what is at the top and bottom of the screen.


Look at the graph below. In 25 seconds, please speak into the microphone and describe in detail what the graph is showing. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.

PTE describe image graph

Sentence 1: This line graph shows projected births in Australia from 2011 to 2101.

Sentence 2 – Body 1

Compare two things. This creates a complex sentence which is good for your fluency mark.

Sentence 2: The highest projected births are in 2101 whereas the lowest are in 2011.  

Don’t get too ambitious. Just stick to the formula. Don’t add information from the y axis because as soon as you start looking at numbers and trying to work out exactly what they mean, your fluency goes down.

[eg. “The lowest was in 2011 at 300 … no, maybe um, ah, 3 … 80. Yes 380. 380 what? Million? No. The lowest was in 2011 at 380 thousand. Yes.”] The Y axis is your enemy. Avoid it.

Sentence 3 – Body 2

Look for either similarities or something unusual. It doesn’t matter which. Go for whichever one you see first.

Sentence 3: Projections for Series C remain relatively steady throughout the period while Series B shows double the number of births by 2101 and series A has the highest increase.

Sentence 3 is the most challenging sentence. Sentences 1 and 2 are fairly formulaic. However, in sentence 3 you need to make some decisions.

You have an idea of what to look for (similarities or something unusual), but you need to decide what to talk about and how much to say. Be flexible here.

Sentence 4 – Conclusion

Keep this simple. For the conclusion, you can do one of three things:


In conclusion the image shows that all predictions for birth rates in Australia show increases.

OR Reason:

A possible reason for the varied predictions may be that immigration figures will affect the growth.

OR Prediction:

It could be predicted that birth rates will continue to climb after 2101.

PTE describe image answer

Visit the article on PTE speaking preparation for expert speaking tips which will help boost your pronunciation and oral fluency skills.

Frequently Asked Questions for PTE Describe Image

PTE describe image
Got any questions about the PTE Describe Image task? Try some common FAQs below.

Q1. What should I do if I get stuck on content?

If you get stuck, go for fluency. It is better to say something relevant than to umm and err and say nothing much at all. If you are going for PTE 79, you will need to have strong content, but your fluency must also be high.

Q2. How can I get 5 out of 5 for content?

The criteria tell us that if you talk about all elements of an image you can get 4 or 5, if you talk about most elements, you can get 3 and if you talk about fewer, you can only score 1 – 2 for content.

What are the elements? They are not the things you see on the X or Y axis. They are the things in the legend.

In the image above, they are series A, B and C.  Note that in the example PTE Describe Image response above, the speaker mentioned all three elements.

So to get high content marks you need to aim to talk about all elements. Again you need to balance fluency and content, so if you can’t see how to group elements to cover all of them, go for fluency.

Q3. How long should it be?

Anywhere between 30 and 40 seconds is fine.

Q4. What can I do for a process or a cycle?

These are a bit different. Use this structure.

Sentence 1: What are we looking at? – Title.

Sentence 2: Start and end of the process. The process begins with X and ends with Y.

Sentence/s 3/4 : Talk about some of the steps using some of the language on the image.

Sentence 4/5: What will happen next (after the last step on the image)?

Check out E2 PTE Channel for PTE Describe Image videos like this one below: 

Part 2 of PTE Describe Image will provide example questions that allow you to practice the 4-sentence formula.

In the meantime, check out a list of excellent PTE review materials and resources from E2Language! 

Be sure to follow our social media for more PTE resources and updates!

Written by Melinda.

10 PTE Repeat Sentence Practice Activities You Can Do Right Now!

A focused, methodical approach to PTE Repeat Sentence Practice is more important than you might realize. A lot of test-takers underestimate just how difficult it is to try and remember the exact formula of a sentence in their first language, let alone another language! 

To make matters worse, I have explored every corner of the internet to see what kinds of free PTE repeat sentence practice is actually available to PTE exam hopefuls- and I’m not very impressed with what I have seen. A lot of the repeat sentence examples and samples out there are flawed; they are usually either far too easy or far too difficult.

PTE Repeat Sentence Practice
When it comes to Repeat Sentence practice questions, you need the perfect balance!

The other (incredibly important!) point to consider is that it’s not enough to just practice PTE repeat sentence samples over and over again. Although practice is certainly key to success on this task, you also need to learn the right strategies for increasing your memory capacity and maintaining appropriate pronunciation and oral fluency.

First, Let’s Get You Prepared for the Repeat Sentence Task!

If you haven’t already, read our PTE Repeat Sentence Tips article before you attempt the practice questions below!

Check out Jay’s PTE Repeat Sentence SUPER STRATEGY class from our E2PTE Youtube Channel too!

By the way, you can fill out the form below to receive a free PTE study timetable and an E2Language PTE preparation course recommendation!

10 PTE Repeat Sentence Practice Activities

Okay, now that you’ve reviewed the tips and techniques for tackling this PTE speaking task, you’re ready for some practice. Click the audio boxes below to listen to the speaker. To reveal each sentence, click the “Answer” box.

PTE Repeat Sentence Practice
Listen carefully to the audio samples!

Make sure you listen carefully to each recording, some of them are quite tricky! You may also have to adjust to a different accent than you are accustomed to hearing. Don’t feel bad if you have to listen another time; this is just for practice!

PTE Repeat Sentence Practice 1

Click to View Answer

I would prefer if you could call my cellphone rather than my landline next time.


PTE Repeat Sentence Practice 2

Click to View Answer

Solar power is going to replace coal and oil as our primary energy source in the near future.


PTE Repeat Sentence Practice 3

Click to View Answer

Please make sure that you collect all of your belongings and take them with you.


PTE Repeat Sentence Practice 4

Click to View Answer

Last winter, my heating bill was 3X the cost of the winter before AND I was still cold all the time!


PTE Repeat Sentence Practice 5

Click to View Answer

The best advice a teacher ever gave me was to take organized and detailed notes in class.


PTE Repeat Sentence Practice 6

Click to View Answer

Cats are incredibly intelligent creatures, but nowhere near as friendly and affectionate as dogs.


PTE Repeat Sentence Practice 7

Click to View Answer

If you’re interested in free education, there are more opportunities than ever before to sign up for free online courses.


PTE Repeat Sentence Practice 8

Click to View Answer

Follow the signs directing you to the North parking lot and pick up a parking pass from the parking officer.


PTE Repeat Sentence Practice 9

Click to View Answer

It is estimated that over 500 sea turtles die as a result of plastic consumption every year.


PTE Repeat Sentence Practice 10

Click to View Answer

This year, you will not need a textbook because all required readings will be posted in the student portal.


Are you an expert at the PTE Repeat Sentence task yet? Be sure to let us know what your top strategies are in the comments! 

Be sure to follow our social media for more PTE resources and updates!


Effective PTE Time Management Tips | Every Task Explained!

Managing your time is critical for achieving the PTE test result you need! Jay will explain how to increase your PTE time management for the PTE Speaking, Writing, Reading and Listening sections. 

PTE time management
Counting down to the date of your PTE exam? Start effectively preparing your time wisely! Read on. 

In this blog article I will tell you the basics of PTE time mangement. Indeed, it is one of the main skills that you need.

In short, you need to move ‘efficiently’ yet ‘accurately’ through the tasks. Some of the tasks are individually timed, in which case you don’t need to worry.

For example, in Describe Image, you have 40 seconds and that’s that. No time management needed. But while doing the Listening section and the Reading section you will need to know how long to spend on each task before clicking NEXT, because it is up to you to click NEXT.

PTE Time Management

PTE Speaking

In PTE Speaking each of the tasks are individually timed, meaning that you do not need to worry. You just need to follow the instructions and watch the clock. Below are the times given for each of the tasks including preparation time and speaking time.

  1. Read Aloud
  • Prepare for between 30-40 seconds
  • Read aloud for between 30-40 seconds

The length of the paragraph determines the length of time you get.

  1. Repeat Sentence
  • Listen to the sentence
  • Repeat the sentence

The sentence will be between 3-5 seconds in length and you should repeat it back in the same length of time. Keep in mind that if you pause for longer than 3 seconds your answer will be void.

  1. Describe Image
  • Prepare for 25 seconds
  • Describe the image for 40 seconds

We recommend speaking up to about 35 seconds. Keep in mind that you do not want to keep speaking at the 40 second mark or the timer will chop your final sentence in half (which may decrease your grammar score!)

  1. Retell Lecture
  • Listen to the lecture ~90 seconds
  • Prepare for 10 seconds
  • Retell the lecture for 40 seconds
  1. Answer Short Question
  • Listen to the question for 3-5 seconds
  • Answer the question in 1-2 seconds

Again, make sure you start answering within 3 seconds or you the task will move on.

PTE Time Management

PTE Writing

PTE Writing Practice
Follow the instructions on-screen. No need to take notes.

In PTE Writing each of the tasks are individually timed, meaning that you do not need to worry. You just need to follow the instructions and watch the clock. Below are the times given for each of the tasks.

Keep in mind that time DOES NOT carry over meaning that if you finish two minutes before the clock that two minutes DOES NOT carry over the next task.

  1. Summarize Written Text
  • 10 minutes to read, prepare, write and edit

Use all of the time because saved time DOES NOT carry over to the other tasks.

  1. Write Essay
  • 20 minutes to prepare, write and edit

Use all of the time because saved time DOES NOT carry over to the other tasks.

PTE Time Management

PTE Reading

In PTE Reading you are set a ‘total’ time of between 32-41 minutes. During this time you will receive 15-20 questions. I have done some mathematics and also timed 100s of students taking these questions live and have formulated ‘recommended time management’ for PTE Reading.

PTE time management

Put simply, to get through all of the reading questions you should spend the following amount of time:

  1. Multiple choice, single answer: ~ 2 minutes.
  2. Multiple choice, multiple answers: ~3 minutes
  3. Reorder paragraphs: ~ 1 min 30 seconds
  4. Fill in the Blanks: ~ 1 minute
  5. Reading and Writing, fill in the blanks: ~ 3 minutes

PTE Time Management

PTE Listening

In PTE Listening the first task — Summarize Spoken Text — is individually timed for ten minutes. You can consider this task ‘separate’ to the other six listening tasks.

For the other 7 tasks, you must manage your own time making sure that you move efficiently yet accurately through them. Don’t waste time in PTE Listening because it is vitally important that you make it to the final task which is called Write from Dictation.

I have seen many candidates get low writing and listening scores because they did not move quickly enough through PTE Listening and as such missed some of the Write from Dictation questions.

In PTE Listening you will get the answers during the audio or immediately after the audio. Therefore, you really should not spend time ‘looking’ at the answers. If you listened carefully and took notes then you can match your notes (and your memory) to the correct answer option in just a few seconds.

Take Select Missing Word, for example. In this task you will hear a short audio of about 30 seconds. The final word or words is missing and you must select from a list of around 5 options which word is missing.

You should select ‘immediately’. If you missed it, you missed it; don’t waste time looking at those five answer options because the audio can only be played once and is not coming back.

The same goes for the other tasks. For MCSA and Highlight Correct Summary, for example, you should match your notes to the correct answer.

This means that you should only spend about 30 seconds after the audio has finished before you move on to the next question because all you do is match your notes to the correct answer option. Reading through the answer options should only take you about 30 seconds.

Remember, the audio is not coming back; you can’t replay it. If you don’t know the answer guess and move on; don’t waste precious time.

  1. Summarize Spoken Text
  • 10 minutes to listen to the lecture, take notes, write and edit your summary

Use all of the time because saved time DOES NOT carry over to the other tasks.

PTE time management
So, what’s next?

For the rest of the Listening tasks you must:

  • Listen
  • (Take notes)
  • Select the answer(s)
  • Click NEXT

Ultimately, it comes down to methods and practice. Once you learn the E2 methods you then need to practice them. You’ll find that you will get quicker and quicker once you learn HOW to complete each task.

Watch our E2 PTE YouTube Channel for effective methods that work!

Check out the PTE Speaking Describe Image Super Method below! 

In a couple of words, it’s about efficiency and accuracy for PTE time management. Find the balance, score 90!

Check out our E2 Blog article on PTE preparation materials HERE

Follow our social media for more information on the PTE! 



Written by Jay. 

Summarise Spoken Text | How to Succeed!

An audio text and transcript for ‘Summarise Spoken Text’ will be posted each week for the next six weeks! You will be able to find them right here.

The ‘Summarise Spoken Text’ task requires you to listen to a 60-90 second text, summarise the main ideas and write a response in 50-70 words. You have ten minutes to complete the task.

The best way to tackle this task is to divide it into sections.

Part 1: listen and take notes of the main ideas.
Part 2: write a 50-70 word response.
Part 3: rewrite the response, ensuring you have all the main ideas covered, it makes sense and there are no grammatical or spelling errors.
Part 2 and 3 take about 4 minutes each.

Summarise Spoken Text
E2Language PTE experts like Jay can help you improve your PTE listening score!

E2Language has an excellent framework which is very successful for structuring your response. You can learn about this by watching our course video lessons, and practice with your tutor in a tutorial.

Head to our E2PTE YouTube Channel for more PTE tips and methods videos!

Summarise Spoken Text Activity

Listen to the following text, take notes of the main ideas, and write a 50 to 70 word response. You have ten minutes to complete the task.

Transcript of audio:

So, my mother’s a pediatrician, and when I was young, she’d tell the craziest stories that combined science with her overactive imagination. One of the stories she told was that if you eat a lot of salt, all of the blood rushes up your legs, through your body, and shoots out the top of your head, killing you instantly. She called it “high blood pressure.”

This was my first experience with science fiction, and I loved it. So when I started to write my own science fiction and fantasy, I was surprised that it was considered un-African. So naturally, I asked, what is African? And this is what I know so far: Africa is important. Africa is the future. It is, though. And Africa is a serious place where only serious things happen.

So, when I present my work somewhere, someone will always ask, “What’s so important about it? How does it deal with real African issues like war, poverty, devastation or AIDS?” And it doesn’t. My work is about Nairobi pop bands that want to go to space or about seven-foot-tall robots that fall in love. It’s nothing incredibly important. It’s just fun, fierce and frivolous, as frivolous as bubble gum — “AfroBubbleGum.”

• Mother paediatrician young crazy stories
• Blood shoot out the top of your head— “high blood pressure”
• Science fiction / fantasy = unAfrican
• “Africa is the future, Africa is serious.”
• “What is important about your work? War, poverty, AIDS?
• It’s not imptnt. It’s fun, fierce, frivolous.
• It’s AfroBubbleGum

Click Here to See our PTE 90 Sample Answer!

Summarise Spoken Text Answer:

The speaker was discussing her music and African heritage. She mentioned that her mother was a paediatrician and told her crazy stories when she was young. She talked about how she was told that Africa is the future and is serious. She described how when people ask if her work is about poverty, war or AIDS, she says it isn’t, suggesting that it is fun and frivolous like bubblegum—AfroBubbleGum.

(70 words)

Good luck, and remember that perfect practise makes perfect. I hope I’ll see you in the next webinar

Make sure you follow our social media for more PTE resources and updates!



Written by: David Williamson

PTE Preparation | PTE Review Materials You Can’t Miss!

It’s time to study for the PTE but where should you start? Without good PTE review materials you’d be lost. 

With so many test-takers looking to find PTE review materials we thought it would be a great idea to compile all the free resources in one spot: right here!

So continue reading and we’ll point you in the right direction. Whether you are studying for PTE Writing or Speaking, E2Language has tailored webinars streaming on YouTube, and plenty of blog articles and PTE reviews materials that will kick start your PTE preparation!

PTE review materials
Viewing blog articles will help practice your reading and vocabulary skills, and allow you to learn useful English phrases along the way!

PTE Review Materials for SPEAKING:

     1. E2 PTE Speaking Playlist: PTE Academic: Speaking

Whether you’re looking to understand a specific Speaking task, want to learn the proven method for Repeat Sentence, or you’re ready to test your skills by taking a PTE Speaking Mock Test you can use the ‘PTE Academic: Speaking’ playlist for video-style preparation!

  1. PTE Speaking Blog Articles

Find a wealth of information and useful preparation tips that will challenge your opinions of the Speaking test!

  1. Practice Material:

Tired yet..? Try out these pronunciation and fluency exercises HERE! 

PTE Review Materials for READING:

  1. E2 PTE Reading Playlist: PTE Academic: Reading

Crack any PTE Reading task following Jay’s step by step method, whether you watch the Fill in the Blanks, Re-order Paragraphs or Multiple Choice, you’ll get more confident with practice!

      2. Reading Blog Articles:

  1. Additional information:

Check out this blog page for more information on PTE Reading!  

PTE Review Materials for WRITING:

PTE review materials
Prepare yourself for test-day with loads of PTE practice questions designed to improve your English skills! 
  1. E2 PTE Writing Playlist: PTE Academic: Writing

Learn how to how to structure your essay’s and master the PTE Writing tasks with simple and effective strategies!

  1. Writing Blog Articles:
  1. Example Essays:

Click to access PTE Writing sample essays HERE!

 PTE Review Materials for LISTENING:

  1. E2 PTE Listening playlist: PTE Academic: Listening

Understand the fundamentals of each listening task or practice run the entire PTE Listening Live Mock Test with Jay … get the edge by getting used to test-day simulation!

     2. Listening blog articles:

  1. Additional information:

Check out this blog page for more information on the PTE Listening!

Extra Resources: Know How to Use Them!

PTE review materials
Remember to follow E2Language on social media for more PTE content posted weekly!
  1. Other important blog articles:

Make sure to not only read what is linked here, but also subscribe to the E2Language Blog so that you don’t miss what’s new!

  1. Register for an online class

Sign up for a free & live SUPER METHODS webinar HERE! 

3. Become a FREE member of E2Language

Don’t miss out on having access to some of the awesome practice activities we have on the platform! Sign up HERE!

Follow our social media for more information on the PTE! 

Written by Olivia B. 

PTE Select Missing Word Task | What You Need To Know with Practice!

Your comprehensive guide to PTE Select Missing Word has finally arrived!

Learn the key strategies for tackling this task and then practice using the sound files in the examples provided!

Understanding the Task

Time management is a challenge on the PTE Listening test. Candidates sometimes run out of time and can’t complete all the questions. One of the good things about PTE Select Missing Word is that it’s a relatively quick task.

Generally you either know the answer or you don’t. If you do, fabulous!

Choose the correct option and move to the next task. If you don’t know the answer, guess and move to the next task. There is no advantage in taking extra time to guess. Just choose one and move on.

Guessing is not ideal, but if it is your best option, do it quickly. What you really want to do though is – avoid guessing.

So the question is how can you do that? How can you confidently choose the correct answer?

Well, to start with you need to fully understand the task. You need to know what is being tested, what the screen will look like, and you need to know how it will be marked. Then you need to be able to manage your concentration and use appropriate strategies.

Let’s look at all of those things now and then later you can do some practice.

PTE Select Missing Word
You’ll have a chance to practice using sound clips in this article!
What is being tested? 

You are being challenged to demonstrate your ability to:

#1 Identify the topic or main idea

#2 Understand academic vocabulary and infer the meaning of new words

#3 Understand implicit and explicit meanings and abstract information

#4 Understand sequencing of information

#5 Comprehend various accents and rates of speech

#6 Predict what is likely to come next in the context.

What does it look like?

You will get two or three PTE Select Missing Word questions. You will see a prompt which you must read because it tells you the topic of the listening.

If you know the general subject area, it is easier to tune in to the content. Your mind will be primed because it will automatically start thinking about related concepts and vocabulary. It provides context.

Context is key.

The prompt will look like the one below. In this example the text will be about ‘agriculture.’ Topics vary and will always be clear in the prompt.

You will hear a recording about agriculture. At the end of the recording the last word or group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the recording.

The recording will last for between 20 seconds and 70 seconds and at the end you will hear a ‘beep’ sound. There will be between three and five answer options. You have to choose one. All of the options will be grammatically correct. It’s all about the meaning.

When you choose an option, it will be highlighted in yellow. You can still change your mind by clicking on a different option.

When you are ready, click NEXT to go to the next item.

How is the PTE Select Missing Word marked?

That’s easy. You get one mark for choosing the correct answer and zero for choosing the wrong answer.

View the E2Language blog article on PTE scoring for newbies!  

 Manage your concentration

A little trick I use sometimes when I realise I’m losing concentration is to physically pinch my hand. If I tell myself to concentrate, it isn’t really enough, but if I physically pinch myself, that snaps me back into concentration. Will that work for you? Try it now.

PTE select missing words

Listen carefully. You will see a timer so you know when the recording is coming to an end.

PTE Select Missing Word

Summary of Key Strategies for PTE Select Missing Word

Before you listen:

  • Read the prompt to find the topic.
  • Know that you’ve done your practice and you’re prepared.
  • Be ready for different accents and speeds of speaking.

While you listen:

  • Focus and aim to understand the main points.
  • Watch the timer so that you can see when the beep is coming.

After you have listened:

  • Read the options and choose the best one.
  • If you don’t know, guess.
  • Move on to the next question. Don’t keep thinking about it – you know it or you don’t.

Extra note: In any of the listening tasks, you can adjust the volume using the slider. Do that if you need to. You can adjust while a text is playing.

Practicing PTE Select Missing Word

Before the test you can develop your listening skills by listening to TED talks. There are thousands to choose from. They will help you understand different accents and tune your ear to English.

Are you ready for some practice now?

In the test you will have an on-screen timer. But for the practice exercises below, please use your own timer. The first task is 39 seconds long and the second is 43 seconds long.

Before you begin – check the topic, concentrate (and be ready to use your timer).

PTE Select Missing Word – Practice 1

You will hear a recording about cancer. At the end of the recording the last word or group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the recording.

Click play below:

  • getting started.
  • smoking-related.
  • young and restless.

Check your answer below:

Click to show/hide answer

Worldwide, over two-thirds of deaths due to cancer are fully preventable using methods that we already have in hand today. Things like vaccination, timely screening and of course, stopping smoking. But even with the best tools and technologies that we have today, some tumours can’t be detected until 10 years until after they’ve started growing, when they are 50 million cancer cells strong. What if we had better technologies to detect some of these more deadly cancers sooner, when they could be removed, when they were just getting started.

Did you get it right? If not, why not? What went wrong? Was it an issue with concentration, accent, vocabulary, difficult subject matter?

To work on your listening, you can listen to TED talks. This will help you to manage accents, build vocabulary and cope with difficult material.

PTE Select Missing Word – Practice 2

You will hear a recording about building design. At the end of the recording the last word or group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the recording.

Click play below:

  • within a suburb.
  • to each unit.
  • for comfort.
  • and home.

Check your answer below:

Click to show/hide answer

When, in 1960, still a student, I got a traveling fellowship to study housing in North America. We travelled the country. We saw public housing high-rise buildings in all major cities: New York, Philadelphia. Those who had no choice, lived there. And then we travelled from suburb to suburb, and I came back thinking, we’ve got to reinvent the apartment building. There has to be another way of doing this. We can’t sustain suburbs, so let’s design a building which gives the qualities of a house to each unit.

Did you get it right? If not, why not?

Watch our E2 PTE Listening video from our YouTube Channel below! 

 So there you have it! A comprehensive guide to the PTE Select Missing Word Task.

Follow our social media for more information on the PTE! 

Written by Melinda G. 

Online PTE Training | The Benefits of Online Study for Test Preparation

Choosing online PTE training for your test preparation allows for flexible hours, one-to-one tutorials and feedback, and computerized testing.   

Learn how E2Languge can kick-start your online PTE preparation today!   

What’s so great about online PTE training?

Online PTE Training
Ditch the boring classroom … Go find a fun place to study!

So, you’ve decided to study PTE and now you’re searching the web for PTE practice material …

But, what’s the best approach? There are books, on-site classes and websites that offer online PTE training. The amount of choices are overwhelming!

I’ll be honest, applying for an online course is scary. I remember making the decision to finish my final secondary school classes online. It’s hard to want to trust a web page. Especially when you know you’ll have to rely on material and teachers that you’ve never seen!

Despite my fears, I took a “leap of faith” and enrolled. And, let me tell you: I didn’t regret a thing! I discovered the many benefits of online learning. I have no doubt that these advantages would be valuable to those wanting to pursue online PTE training.

Benefit #1

Online PTE training is flexible

Don’t be late to the classroom again! By studying online, you can schedule your own time around your study habits and lifestyle.

Learning doesn’t have to be painful … even if you’re studying for the high-stakes PTE!

Listen, there was something freeing about being able to study not only when I could, but also, when I wanted.

We all know the feeling of being tired and just “not in the mood”… As hard as we try, our mind keeps drifting off and our thoughts seem scattered. It feels useless to study when we’re in this state. This only leaves us feeling frustrated, confused and exhausted.

And then there are those moments when you feel on top of the world! You’re focused and truly understanding the material. You feel sharp and awake. When you are able to study in this state of mind you walk away feeling confident and empowered.

Online schooling allowed me to study on my own terms. I could set my study routines around when I felt most alert and focused. In fact, because of this, I got more out of one online biology course than all the other science classes I had in school combined!

A flexible schedule makes learning easier and more enjoyable. This same level of flexibility can be applied to PTE practice material when it meets the world of online training.

Benefit #2

One-on-one guidance: You’re the priority

Okay, one thing you have to know about me… I live on feedback. In a classroom, you would find me sitting in the front row and raising my hand every chance I get. So, I learn from actively participating in classroom discussions.

But this is difficult. In fact, in many situations, this is impossible. In a classroom setting the teacher so often has a room full of 30+ people to include! Even with all the enthusiasm in the world I have to reluctantly accept the fact that the teacher has very little time to address me individually.

And here is yet another reason why I like online courses … I got feedback and comments. My online teachers gave me answers to my questions.We had one-on-one conversations and discussed exactly what I was needing to work on. I no longer felt like just another unknown student.

Feedback is essential for progress. Especially when it comes to languages. Repeatedly doing mock tests and reviewing the same PTE practice material over and over is not the answer!

The idea that “practice makes perfect” is only partially correct. You need to know more than what you’ve gotten wrong. You must also understand why and how to fix it (read more about the importance of feedback and one way E2Language provides this). Our E2Language English experts will give you the guidance and attention you will need to succeed.

Benefit #3

The test is computerized

Online PTE Training
If you have a smartphone device, or you can get access to a computer with a stable internet connection, you’re ready to begin online learning!

Just like any situation the more familiar you are, the more comfortable you’re likely to be.

For example, If I have to use a specific kind of calculator in an exam, I will practice with that same kind when I study. I don’t want the extra stress of needing to figure out the layout and functionalities of an unfamiliar calculator on test day. I have to focus on the content I’ve prepared for!

Similarly, there is a clear advantage to enrolling in an online PTE training course. You’ll be able to see the practice questions in a similar format to the actual exam! Why spend your time hand writing and circling answers with a pen, when on test day, you’ll be asked to type and click your responses.

Studying from a book or in a classroom can make the material feel “hypothetical”. E2Language tries to make the PTE practice material as tangible as possible!

Visit our E2 PTE YouTube channel to get started on your PTE journey! 

Study PTE online and start preparing for the exam! Sign up for the E2Language PTE Free Trial. Give yourself greater flexibility and access to expert feedback by reaping the advantages of online learning. Take it from me, you won’t regret it!

Follow our social media for more information on the PTE! 



Written by: Olivia 




PTE Speaking Preparation Made Easy | Building Confidence for Success

Good PTE speaking preparation involves practicing your pronunciation skills and applying a strategy to each specific task. 

This article from E2Language explains what essential speaking skills you need to practice and how to improve these skills for test-day. 

Did you know that five different tasks contribute to your speaking score? However, PTE Describe Image is the only one that tests speaking alone. The others test both speaking and another skill.

PTE Speaking Test Overview

Speaking Listening Reading
Describe Image PTE
Read Aloud  
Repeat Sentence  
Re-tell Lecture  
Answer Short Question

There are strategies you can use to approach each PTE task that will help you to maximise your mark– and we’ll look at some of those later.

However, if your fundamental speaking skills are not strong, you will always score poorly. So you need to make sure that you are communicating effectively in English.

For speaking this involves your pronunciation, intonation, speed, word and sentence level stress and where you pause. Of course it also involves your confidence and anxiety levels.

For tips on increasing your oral fluency, read our PTE oral fluency blog!

PS: Would you like to receive a PTE preparation recommendation from E2Language?

Fill out the form below and we’ll email you with our recommendation for the right preparation course for you!

You need to work on all of these elements in your PTE speaking preparation.

Let’s look at each one of these elements in more detail!

PTE Speaking Preparation: How can you improve your pronunciation?

You need to identify any problem areas in your PTE pronunciation and oral fluency. This can be hard to do on your own. Asking a native speaker to help you can be very useful.

It is also helpful to look at common errors made by speakers of your first language. Some examples are listed below.

Arabic speakers: frequently have problems with v/f, b/f and with the long /a/ sound in ‘came’

Hindi speakers: v/w, t/d,s/z

Mandarin speakers: l/n and l/r as well as several vowel sounds

Cantonese speakers: l/r, /v/f, s/z, th/s,th/f, th/s, th/d

Urdu speakers: ch/k, ch/sh, c/s

Check to see if you are making errors typical for speakers of your first language.

You can also watch this E2Language Pronunciation Video on Word Stress and Emphasis!


Can imitating native English speakers help your intonation?

Yes. ‘Shadowing’ is a useful way to manage this.

  • Find a TED talk on a topic that you enjoy.
  • Listen to the speaker for a minute.
  • Then click the ‘interactive transcript’ button below the video.
  • Read the script aloud.
  • Next play the video again and speak at the same time as the speaker (shadow the speaker).

It’s not easy, but it will help you to focus on when the voice goes up and down. Good intonation will help your speaking sound more English-like.

You can find some short TED talks here. You only need to use a paragraph at a time.

Speed of Speaking

Is speaking too fast a barrier for your communication?

If you already have problems with your speaking, then speaking quickly will make it even harder for other people to understand you. It adds another barrier to communication.

The normal speaking speed for a native English speaker is between 140 and 180 words per minute. Some people speak more quickly, but even with a fast native English speaker, the listener needs to work hard to catch it all.

In some languages, such as Hindi the ‘normal’ rate is much faster than English. So, when a Hindi speaker speaks English, they need to consciously slow down.

How can you slow down?

To slow down your speaking read a paragraph aloud and record it while you are reading normally. Then record it again while you deliberately slow down. Check it.

Does it sound better? Usually there is an immediate improvement to your communication as soon as you learn to slow down.

You need to practice this. It is achievable.

Word and Sentence Level Stress

Does stress really matter?

Yes! Incorrect stress is definitely a barrier to communication and many experts believe it is more important than pronunciation. It is a key part of your PTE speaking preparation.

Word Stress

Imagine you create a sentence like;

The water DEEpens as you go out further. (correct word stress)

If you mis-stress the key word, the listener will become confused.

The water deePENS as you go out further. (incorrect word stress)

The listener will be thinking, the water depends on what?

There are some basic rules for word stress. For example most two-syllable nouns and adjectives are usually stressed on the first syllable (CLImate, KNOWledge) while most two-syllable verbs are stressed on the second syllable (deCIDE, reQUIRE). The rules are not perfect, but they cover a lot of situations.

Do you want to learn more tips for PTE speaking preparation? View the E2Language Core Skills Pronunciation video here: 

Sentence Level Stress

English is a stress-timed language as opposed to a syllable-timed language. In some languages such as Cantonese, each syllable in a sentence is equally important and is stressed.

However, in English we only stress the words that carry the meaning. We don’t stress words that are structural (eg. of, the, and). Sentence level stress helps convey a lot of the meaning in English.

Look at the sentence below which shows the words a native speaker would stress. Non-stressed words are spoken more quickly while stressed words are louder and longer. Practice saying it. Does it sound natural to you?

“The RAINFALL in the last MONTH has been much HIGHER than would NORMALLY be expected at this time of year. In PAST years this has been quite a DRY MONTH.”


How do I know when to pause?

You need to pause at every comma and full stop, but if they are the only places you stop, you will soon run out of breath. So you also need to stop after each unit of meaning or phrase. This helps you to manage long pieces of text, but importantly, it also helps the listener to follow you. If you don’t pause, the listener has problems understanding.

You can practice this by using the ‘interactive transcript’ for a TED talk (the button below the large picture and descriptive paragraph). Print out the transcript and mark where you think the pauses should be. Then listen to the speaker to see if you are right. Develop a feel for where the pauses should be.

Look at the text below to see where a native speaker would pause.

“Cats were first domesticated / thousands of years ago in Egypt. / It was a symbiotic relationship. / The cats benefited from living with humans / because it meant that they were fed / and had warmth and shelter. / People benefited from the relationship too / because the cats were useful for catching mice. / This meant that stored grains / and food supplies generally / were safer.”

Confidence and Anxiety Levels

What can you do to increase confidence and reduce anxiety?

There are two main things you can do:

Firstly, work on the general skills we have been talking about, and PTE Read Aloud is a great way to do that. Take a paragraph of text and read it aloud. Check your speed; especially if your first language is a fast language like Hindi. Then work on other areas like pronunciation, intonation and word stress. Focus on the areas you do need to improve.

Secondly, prepare carefully for the various PTE tasks. Understand the techniques and practise them.

PTE Speaking Preparation For Specific Tasks

Let’s look at PTE Speaking Test tasks now.

PTE Repeat Sentence

A good place to start is the marking criteria. There are 13 possible marks.

PTE speaking preparation

Note that to get 3 marks for content you need to get all of the words, but if you can’t, don’t panic! Any two words in row that are correct can count toward the 50% which will enable you to get 2 marks out of 3.

Top Tips

#1 Memorize the phrases

#2 Relax and focus

Watch this video from the E2 PTE Academic playlist for more ideas!

PTE Describe Image

Take note of the marking criteria:

PTE speaking preparation

You will be given 6 or 7 different images to describe which may include:

  • bar charts
  • line charts
  • pie charts
  • two different charts in one image
  • tables
  • pictures
  • processes
  • maps

Top tips

#1 Break it down into 3: introduction, body and conclusion

# 2 Introduction – describe title and x-axis

#3 Body – talk about differences (high/low) & either similarities or something interesting

#4 Conclusion – can be a summary, reason or prediction

#5 Speak for 30 – 35 seconds.

#6 Remain calm

#7 Be flexible

#8 Do lots of practice so you can be confident

PTE Describe Image Example

Try this example, then check the answer below:

PTE Speaking PreparationPossible Answer

“This image represents sugar cane production in Queensland from 1997 to 2003. The highest amount of sugarcane was produced in 1997 whereas the lowest amount was produced in 2001. Cane production figures fluctuated throughout the period but remained in a low range from 1998 through to 2001. A possible reason for the lows in this period may be related to drought or other weather conditions prevailing at the time.”

Learn more PTE speaking preparation tips by watching this PTE Describe Image video!

Be sure study hard on PTE speaking preparation, both general and task specific, in order to improve your communication in general and your PTE speaking test skills in particular.

Follow our social media for more information on the PTE! 



Written by Melinda G.