Understanding your PTE Essay Topic: Basics of a Good Essay

Imagine if you had practiced answering the exact PTE essay topic before sitting your PTE exam? 

Well, it’s not entirely out of the question if you happen to brainstorm a few common PTE essay topics.    

PTE Essay Topic
Brainstorming possible PTE essay topics is a great way to practice your written responses. 

The Basics to a Good Essay

The more you write essays, the easier it gets but there are a few key elements to writing a good essay that you need to know at the outset. First and foremost, you need a clear structure, which E2language has the perfect formula for. Also, ensure that you accurately answer the whole question and stay on the PTE essay topic.

Finally, it’s vitally important that you follow the ‘rubric,’ or instructions, on what you need to do with the topic: agree or disagree, discuss, find a solution, outline the advantages and disadvantages or give your opinion.

PTE essay topic
When tackling PTE Essay Topics follow a clear structure, be accurate with your answer, stay on topic and follow the instructions. 

A question that I frequently ask students who have just sat the PTE test is: Which PTE essay topic did you get? This way I can get an update on the latest essay topics that are coming up. Knowing a majority of the common PTE essay topics in advance allows you to prepare for them, and thus saves time and stress during the test.

When you go through the list of the most common PTE essay topics, even if you don’t have time to write an essay for every single one, you can certainly at least read through them so you know what to expect. You can then write a short plan with 2 main ideas/ key points that you would make in the body paragraphs of your essay if you got that PTE essay topic in the test.

I’ll show you what I mean by a short plan to illustrate how simply and quickly brainstorming some ideas for your essay can be done, using some of the most common PTE essay topics, which I have categorised below according to theme or broad academic topic.

I have used the minus and plus symbols to indicate whether the point is for or against: − / + .

PTE essay topic
This table shows some of the common PTE Essay Topics grouped together with their main body paragraph ideas.

Other Common Academic Subjects and PTE Essay Topics 

What are some of the most common PTE essay topics that we see time and time again on the PTE exam?

PTE Essay Topics

A quick explainer for each topic … 

Shopping: over-packaging; large shopping malls

Work: who should do decision-making in companies; the modern work/ life balance- difficulties with

Travel: effects of tourism on a country; travel to study- good or bad

Media: are newspapers are necessary,

Sport: extreme adventure sports

Inventions: the best invention in the past 10/100 years

Environment: combatting climate change, birth place affecting one’s success

Education: the ability to learn versus being able to read and write well; is assessment through exams in education out-dated

No ideas for your PTE Essay Topic?!

Don’t feel bad if you have trouble coming up with ideas for different PTE essay topics as it’s quite a common problem.

While it’s true that some people are naturally creative and seem to be ‘ideas people,’ and others have strong critical thinking skills for solving problems or finding solutions, it doesn’t mean that you can’t improve in this area to be able to create a strong argument for and against in your essays and increase the speed of generating some main ideas and examples for your essay.

Some suggestions to develop this skill are:

Practice brainstorming! Take a topic and just start writing what comes to mind and let your thoughts and inspirations flow. Also, this can be fun and inspiring to do with others in a group- 2,3 or more minds can be more powerful than 1! Even asking friends and family about their opinion on a topic- engage in a lively intellectual discussion to gather their ideas for your essay!

Just Google it! If you don’t know much about a topic or subject area –no excuses, just research it: you could read articles, watch programs, listen to talks and analyse others’ essays and opinions on the matter.

For more PTE Writing advice and strategy, view PTE Writing Tips: How to Improve your Essay Score

Take a look at E2Language’s PTE Write Essay ‘Super Structure’ video posted below! You can visit E2 PTE YouTube channel for plenty of PTE test preparation videos. 

Do you have any PTE writing tips you’d like to share with us? Let us know in the comments below.

Be sure to follow our social media for more PTE resources and updates!

 

Written by Danielle.  

PTE Highlight Correct Summary: Step-by-Step Practice

PTE Highlight Correct Summary

The PTE Highlight Correct Summary is a listening activity that involves focus. You have to listen and choose the best summary.

Essential background information:

  • You will get 2 – 3 PTE Highlight Correct Summary tasks.
  • Recordings are 30 – 90 seconds long.
  • Answer options can be up to 60 words long.
  • The mark contributes to both listening and reading scores.

You are being tested for:

  • listening comprehension
  • ability to analyse and combine information
  • ability to identify the most accurate summary 

Take a few notes, but keep your focus by listening

PTE Highlight Correct Summary

 

Just before the task begins:

  • You will see an audio status box which will count down from 10 seconds, then the status will change to ‘playing’ and the recording will begin.
  • Before the listening begins, scan your eyes down the answers – for just 3 seconds – very quickly. Just notice a few words. That will give you an idea what the text is about.
  • You can adjust your volume by moving the slider during the recording if you need to.
  • Take a breath. Be calm and focused.

 While you are listening:

  • Focus. Listen.
  • Take a few notes, but keep your focus on the listening.
  • DO NOT read the answer options while you listen. If you read, you will not be able to focus on the listening.

After listening:

  • Read the paragraphs carefully.
  • Select the best
    • Start by eliminating the impossible or unlikely answers.
    • Then survey the remaining answers.
    • Choose the best answer based on your notes and understanding.
    • Once you’ve made your decision, click ‘next.’

TIPS for PTE Highlight Correct Summary:

  1. The test moves very quickly and you need to be able to maintain your focus. This is a mental skill and you should be practising it leading up to the test. You might find it useful to put the radio or television on nearby when you are practising at home. This will help you to get used to noise and distractions and to train yourself to maintain focus.
  2. The answer options may contain some of the words from the listening. However, sometimes it is a trick! Beware. Listen, understand and use your best judgement.
  3. Remember that you need to manage your own time in the listening test. If you manage it, you will be able to finish all of the questions. So work through the answer options methodically. Read them carefully. Make your best choice – then choose ‘next.’

General Listening Practice

The best way to get good at this task is to do lots of listening practice. Yes, you are probably busy working and you have a family and you have limited time.

So you need to ask yourself, how much do you really want this? It is unlikely that you are doing the PTE purely for fun! You are doing it as a stepping stone towards another goal which might be international study, immigration, or maybe professional registration.

You know that the way to get good at something is to practise it. If you were planning to run a marathon, you wouldn’t just dream about it, you’d be at the gym working on muscle groups and you’d be hitting the pavement and running each day. You’d be pushing yourself. You’d be monitoring your performance.

The beauty of working hard to achieve your target PTE results is that it isn’t only the ticket to your next goal, it is also an excellent way to improve your language skills and your ability to communicate effectively in English. So all the hard work will pay off in the PTE result you need and in easier, more effective communication in English.

So you are probably nodding, thinking “yea, yea. I know that. But how? How can I practise?”

You can improve your PTE Highlight Correct Summary results specifically by doing test question practice and you can improve it generally by listening to:

With the TED talks listen for 30 – 90 seconds, then turn the recording off and write down the main idea. Use the transcript button below the video to read the talk after you have listened. Analyse your performance.

PTE Highlight Correct Summary

Was your summary a good one? Yes? Fantastic! Well done! What is not so good? Why? What happened? Analyse why you made a mistake. Was it a vocabulary problem? Was it speed? Pronunciation? Keep working on it.

PTE Highlight Correct Summary – Practice One

Before you start:

  • Make sure that you are ready.
  • Scan your eyes down the text for 3 seconds.
  • Focus

You will hear a recording. Choose the paragraph that best relates to the recording.

  • The speaker believes that drug and alcohol laws need to be tighter as around 25 percent of accidents are related to these two causes. This situation prevails despite religions warning us of the dangers.
  • The speaker’s purpose is to tell us that she was involved in an accident. In her case it was the fault of the driver in front who stopped on the highway for no apparent reason. He was going 65 kilometres per hour and just stopped.
  • The speaker is focusing on safety and what we need to do to reduce the death rate in people aged 16 to 19.
  • The speaker’s purpose is to tell us about the seriousness and the randomness of accidents and it is likely she is going to suggest a solution.

Click to show/hide answer

The speaker’s purpose is to tell us about the seriousness and the randomness of accidents and it is likely she is going to suggest a solution.

PTE Highlight Correct Summary

PTE Highlight Correct Summary – Practice Two

Before you start:

  • Make sure that you are ready.
  • Scan your eyes down the text for 3 seconds.
  • Focus

You will hear a recording. Choose the paragraph that best relates to the recording.

Researchers are studying screen games. Currently they are looking at how video games may be useful in helping visually impaired people to see better.

  • Although we all know that too much screen time is harmful to your eyes, it is difficult to prove this. Laboratory experiments are looking at this issue now.
  • Experiments are showing some interesting results. It seems that if you play screen games for between 5 and 15 hours per week, your eyesight can be improved.
  • There are two hallmarks of good eyesight. Firstly those with good vision can read small print more easily than others. Secondly they can distinguish between different shades of grey better than the rest of us.

Click to show/hide answer

Researchers are studying screen games. Currently they are looking at how video games may be useful in helping visually impaired people to see better.

PTE Highlight Correct Summary – Practice Three

Before you start:

  • Make sure that you are ready.
  • Scan your eyes down the text for 3 seconds.
  • Focus

You will hear a recording. Choose the paragraph that best relates to the recording.

  • Due to the Rwandan genocide normal equipment can be very expensive in some parts of Rwanda. For example the cost of shipping a bulldozer to remote regions is prohibitive.
  • An engineer named Nizeye had been working in Rwanda for many years. He was brilliant and liked to help the local people because they were very poor and had suffered during the war.
  • Nizeye incorporated the local culture into his building projects. He also provided work opportunities for locals. Thus the building process could support the whole community.
  • In Rwanda it is legally required that building projects involve mainly local workers. This helps to restore job opportunities.

Click to show/hide answer

Nizeye incorporated the local culture into his building projects. He also provided work opportunities for locals. Thus the building process could support the whole community.

Visit our website at E2Language.com to see what PTE test preparation packages we offer!

Learn how to adopt the PTE specific-format in this article: PTE Writing Tips: How To Improve Your Essay Score.

Check out the PTE Listening: Highlight Correct Summary video from our E2 PTE Academic YouTube Channel.

Find an excellent list of PTE review materials and resources from E2Language! 

Do you have any PTE Highlight Correct Summary tips you’d like to share with us? Let us know in the comments below!

Be sure to follow our social media for more PTE resources and updates!

 

Written by Melinda.

PTE Written Discourse: Everything Explained | Preparation Checklist and Sample Answer!

PTE Written Discourse training gets packaged and re-packaged all the time. It requires a lot of written and comprehension skills and it’s no wonder so many students trip-up on PTE Writing.

Let’s reveal why and present a useful test-preparation checklist and build a sample answer for PTE Written Discourse.  

What is PTE Written Discourse?

A common question that students ask is: “Why is my PTE Written Discourse mark so low?” Then following this, “What is Written Discourse?!

If you check the meaning of ‘discourse,’ it means a formal conversation where one expresses one’s ideas in a logical flow and progression.

In the PTE score guide, in regard to PTE Written Discourse they say:

‘Written discourse skills are represented in the structure of a written text: entailing its internal coherence, logical development and the range of linguistic resources used to express meaning precisely. Scores for enabling skills are not awarded when responses are inappropriate for the items in either content or form.’

Which question types does PTE Written Discourse relate to?

So, what on earth does all that mean for you in the test and which questions does it affect?

Basically, it’s referring to a few things: firstly, the meaning and logical sequence of your content, also, your sentence, paragraph overall essay or summary structures, in addition to usage of linking words, correct punctuation and accuracy in how your express your ideas.

Importantly, as noted above, if you go off topic in your essay or do not get all the main points in your summary, and/or do not follow the requirements of the word count you, will miss out on marks in the PTE Written Discourse enabling skills.

Therefore, your PTE Written Discourse score will be determined by your essay and summary content, for both the written text and spoken text summary questions in terms of content and structure quality as above.

How can I improve my PTE Written Discourse score in my essay?

PTE Written Discourse
Read the PTE written discourse advice and learn how the response is constructed below!
#1 Check that you understand the topic 100% and follow the instructions

Take time to deeply understand the essay topic: check what is the general/ broader topic, and then in your own words interpret the specific topic and question being asked.

So if you had the essay question:‘ In the past 100 years there have been many inventions, such as antibiotics, airplanes and computers. Which do you think is the most important invention and why?’

The broader topic is about great inventions in the modern era, and the question or specific topic is about which you believe to be the most significant one; then the instruction is to choose one and explain why you believe that to be the case.

#2 Refine your essay and paragraph structure and academic tone

Follow a structure, for your whole essay, including an introduction, 2 main body paragraphs and a conclusion, as well as a structure for each paragraph. Also, make sure that you use appropriate formal tone, academic words, as well as linking words.

For example, for the above topic you could introduce your first main body paragraph as such: Firstly, computers have had an enormous positive impact on communication in the workplace.

This is a simple but clear topic sentence to introduce the main idea of the whole paragraph: the linking word, Firstly, is used to indicate it’s the start of your main argument and academic words and collocations such as, have an enormous positive impact on… and workplace are effective, natural-sounding word choices to make your initial point in a powerful way.

Compare the above to: Computers are very good to use at work for your job. While this second version is correct, it sounds much less formal/academic and has less impact. However, at the same, be sure not to go to the other extreme, meaning, you don’t have to go crazy with difficult vocabulary that you aren’t at all familiar with!

This can lead to lack of clarity and sounds ‘flowery’ (overly wordy) and unnatural, which is not what you are aiming for.

For example, don’t write: Computerised systems in venues of employment have prolifically infiltrated the world of work to exponentially enhance the work experience and add significant value to our workplace practices!

This sounds ridiculous as it’s so convoluted and the reader is left thinking: what exactly does that mean and what is wrong with the person who wrote it as it sounds so strange!

For PTE preparation materials you can’t live without, have a read and follow the links on the article: PTE Review Materials You Can’t Miss!

#3 Improve your sentence structure and punctuation skills

As well as addressing essay and paragraph structure, it is important use a range of sentence structures, such as compound (sentences which contain 2 independent clauses) and complex sentences (ones which contain an independent clause and a dependent clause).

Also, it’s important to check you know English punctuation rules, including comma usage, colons, semi-colons and apostrophes.

For example, following on from our topic sentence above, we could use a complex sentence structure with appropriate punctuation to explain our topic sentence and give evidence:

Firstly, computers have had an enormous positive impact on communication in the workplace. In general, they have increased the speed and ease of communication at work, which consequently improves efficiency and thus leads to business growth.

For some quick written discourse advice, watch this video with Kaia from E2 PTE: Increase Your Written Discourse Score!

#4 Finally, we need to have a logical flow in ideas and development in structure.

To illustrate, we could conclude our paragraph by adding an example to support our main idea and a concluding sentence for our paragraph relating back to the topic sentence and overall essay topic.

So our complete paragraph will look like this:

Click Here to See our PTE Written Discourse Sample Answer!

PTE Written Discourse Answer

Firstly, computers have had an enormous positive impact on communication in the workplace. In general, they have increased the speed and ease of communication at work, which consequently improves efficiency and thus leads to business growth. For example, a national business could easily become global these days as both advertising and customer- communication can be solely conducted online regardless of time zones, cost constraints and location. In this way, computers have revolutionised opportunities for businesses and have made the world a lot ‘smaller. 

In summary, this is how you can address and improve on your PTE Written Discourse enabling skills:

  1. Use relevant content
  2. Adopt a good structure
  3. Use linking words
  4. Mix it up with a range of sentence types
  5. Correct punctuation
  6. Adopt appropriate tone and accurate vocabulary
  7. Present a logical sequence of ideas.

And of course: FEEDBACK! When it comes to PTE Writing practice, teacher feedback is almost always necessary for getting a clear sense of how to improve. Take a look at the article: Yes, You Definitely Need Feedback On Your PTE Writing Practice!’

For further advice on PTE Written Discourse please take a look at this PTE video: ‘Ask Jay Anything: High PTE Written Discourse Score but Low Overall Writing Score?’

For PTE scoring advice regarding PTE Written Discourse enabling skills, click on the article: ‘PTE Scoring for Newbies: Key Questions Answered!’

For some great PTE writing tips, head over to: PTE Writing Tips: How to Improve Your Essay

Happy PTE Written Discourse writing!

Follow our social media for more information on the PTE! 

 

Written By Danielle. 

 

Yes, You Definitely Need Feedback On Your PTE Writing Practice!

When it comes to PTE writing practice, teacher feedback is almost always necessary. Otherwise, you will be left to guess whether or not your writing will make the cut for the PTE writing section, and you won’t have a clear sense of how and where to improve. 

PTE Writing Practice

When you purchase a two tutorial or more package with E2Language, you are entitled to three or more written feedback reports on both writing and speaking tasks. That is, at least three writing and three speaking tasks. The more tutorials you book, the more tasks you can submit for feedback.

The quality feedback on your PTE writing practice will enable you to improve with each writing task. Having your errors identified means that you can correct them and not make the same errors in your next piece of writing. This process of:

learn –> do –> get feedback –> learn –> do –> get feedback

PTE Writing Practice

This the teaching model that creates E2Language PTE success stories.

Learn: about the methods in the live classes and recorded webinars

Do: The practice tasks on the E2Language website

Get Feedback: In the one-to-one tutorials and from teacher written feedback on your assessment submissions.

Below are some sample PTE Writing practice assessments submitted by real students and assessed by real teachers.  Read carefully; you might recognise your own level of skill!

PTE Writing Practice: Summarize Written Text

PTE Writing Practice

Submission #1: 

Score: 25/90

Ice is formed from “firn” material by close off the air pores of grainy substance and under continuous pressure some ‘firn’ depth is squeezed into ice that depth is range from few meter to 100m.

Teacher Feedback:

Ice is formed from “firn” (-material) by clos(ing) off the air pores of grainy substance(s)(,) and under continuous pressure(,) some ‘firn’ depth is squeezed into ice (at a depth of) few meter(s) to 100m.

Unfortunately, you managed to make repeated formatting and spelling/grammar errors which together reduced your score significantly. I have reduced the score for content and structure as it is difficult to understand what you are describing. For example, you can say ‘firn’ or ‘material’ but it is not quite understandable when you say ‘firn material’. I also noticed you have some errors with verb-noun agreement.

____________________________________________________________________

Submission #2

Score: 54/90

A team of scientist have concluded that as the snow accumulate and gets compressed, the air gets trapped in them and that the gas age -ice age may differ by hundreds of years.

Teacher Feedback:

You’ve covered some of the text’s important elements and how they relate. That’s good.

Grammar:

a team of scientist (should be >>) a team of scientists

as the snow accumulate (should be >>) as the snow accumulates

The following is a good approach to writing a one-sentence summary of a text.

1) Start with a simple sentence that covers a major point:

Antarctic ice sheets survive summer.

2) Then insert another point to your sentence using a relative clause:

Antarctic ice sheets, which are typically created at a depth of 100 metres from compressed, buried snow, survive summer.

3) Finally, you can add another point using ‘and…’:

Antarctic ice sheets, which are typically created at a depth of 100 metres from compressed, buried snow, survive summer and ensure temperatures in surrounding areas do not rise much above freezing.

Make sure that you look at the E2Language  core skills videos .

You’ll see videos on pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary. There are several in each section with more being added regularly.

 Submission #3

Score: 83/90

An ice sheet is a compressed firn which is formed from accumulated compressed buried snow with trapped air inside the ice that continues to circulate for thousands of years; the ice sheet can reach a depth of 100 m and the lower ice can appear in clear or bluish hue; however, the ice core can deteriorate if summer temperature reaches above freezing point.

Teacher Feedback:

An ice sheet is a compressed firn which is formed from accumulated [Comma] compressed buried snow with trapped air inside the ice that continues to circulate for thousands of years; the ice sheet can reach a depth of 100 m and the lower ice can appear in [a] clear or bluish hue; however, the ice core can deteriorate if [the] summer temperature reaches above [the] freezing point.

This is well written with only minor omissions indicated in the sentence above. One word of caution. Be careful of sentences that get lengthy as they can easily become run-on sentences and expose you to greater chances of making grammatical errors.

__________________________________________________________________

 PTE Writing Practice: Write Essay

PTE Writing Practice

PTE Writing Practice Submission #1

Score: 45/90

In today’s world, Smart-phones play a significant role in our lives. The various apps available on Smart phones are indeed the key factor for reducing our intelligence levels.This essay will discuss the merits and demerits of Smart-phones and how it is affecting human intelligence.

First of all, all information can be stored in the smart -phones. This makes it incredibly easier for an Individual to make notes of important dates, key passwords and things to do. Consequently, we seldom use our memory to memorise important tasks.For instance, birthdays, key meeting notes, etc can be saved and pop up messages can be triggered on due dates. This could lead to loss of memory due to excessive dependence on Smart- phones.

Secondly, Smart-phones are embedded with spelling dictionary. Though, this enables, easy typing of messages,this could weaken the vocabulary of young students. As a result, too much dependence on such smart- phones would deter their intelligence. Additionally, Smart-phones also have in built calculator and excessive usage of such device would eventually reduce the mathematical and logical reasoning of individuals. For instance, College students may use Calculators for completion of their thesis and assignments but may suffer drastically in an exam environment.

This essay discussed various features of smart-phones and how it could affect our intelligence. In my opinion, thought Smart- phones are indeed great device to store loads of information, it is slowly decreasing our intelligence due to excessive usage.

Teacher Feedback:

In today’s world, Smart-phones [The word smartphones is one word without a hyphen and does not need to be capitalized in this sentence.] play a significant role in our lives. The various apps available on Smart phones [See above.] are [Comma] indeed [Comma] the key factor for reducing our intelligence levels.This essay will discuss the merits and demerits of Smart-phones [See above.] and how it is [The word smartphones is in the plural form. The pronoun and verb must agree; i.e., they are.] affecting human intelligence.

First of all, all information can be stored in the [Remove the definite article the.] smart -phones [See above.]. This makes it incredibly easier for an Individual to make notes of important dates, key passwords and things to do. Consequently, we seldom use our memory to memorise important tasks. [Leave one space after a full stop.] For instance, birthdays, key meeting notes, [Only one space after a comma.] etc [A period and comma are needed after the word etc.] can be saved and pop up messages can be triggered on due dates. This could lead to loss of memory due to excessive dependence on Smart- phones [See above.].

While the final sentence in the introduction says that it will “discuss the merits and demerits of Smart-phones”, the paragraphs 1 and 2 only speak of the demerits. There is no argument in favor of smartphones and how they might enhance human intelligence. This defeats the purpose of an argumentative essay which is to present both sides.

Corrections are offered in the first two paragraphs. Many of the errors may have been detected with a quick edit before submitting. Punctuation and subject verb agreement were among the errors.

____________________________________________________________________

PTE Writing Practice Submission #2

Score: 64/90

With the rise of urbanization and populations growing across the world, evaluation of teachers on the website has become the subject of heated debate. while it is possible to claim that supporting for evaluating educators provides various benefits such as improving a quality of studying plans and materials, others maintain that the side effects of grading teachers outweigh the advantages. This essay will discuss that this measurement might bring a positive outcome to society.

There are several reasons why the evaluation of teachers on the websites can have a positive impact on both students and educators. Take the evaluating teachers on university websites for example, teachers can have feedback regarding their curriculum and then they may develop the way to educate students. By doing this, the well-structured studying plans and a quality of academic resources can be provided, which leads to benefits in society.

On the other hand, it is often argued that grading teachers is unnecessary. First and foremost, misleading of teacher’s reputations could be a significant factor to be considered. Proponents of this argument assert that teachers may be discouraged by the grading system and perhaps academic productivity can be reduced for students.

In conclusion, considering what has been discussed above, while a negative outcome can be created, it would be wise to say that evaluation of teachers by students is beneficial for both. Without a doubt, this measure is also advantageous to society and education system as a whole.

Teacher Feedback:

Your arguments are clear and your essay’s structure is logical.

Grammar/Expression:

while it is possible to claim that supporting for evaluating educators provides various benefits…(should be >>) While it is possible to claim that support for evaluating educators provides various benefits…

Without a doubt, this measure is also advantageous to society and education system as a whole. (should be >>)Without a doubt, this measure is also advantageous the education system and society as a whole.

Make sure to check your work before submission:

…debate. while…(should be >>) …debate. While…

Make sure that you look at the e2language.com core skills videos – https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCfV4dbtV-ZnyqSrKc6zbDtg

You’ll see videos on pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary. There are several in each section with more being added regularly.

__________________________________________________________________

PTE Writing Practice Submission #3

Score: 83/90

These days with the number of phone applications and digital photo software, images of models can be edited to look unrealistically perfect. These images could have negative consequences to those that view them. Therefore, this essay will discuss whether or not the media should include more normal looking people in their advertisements.

The inclusion of average looking people in advertisements would reduce the insecurities feelings customers could have. Customers would not feel inferior and have advertised images that they can relate to. For example, Boo, a women’s clothing brand has ditched supermodels for larger looking women to advertise their clothing. Therefore, this has reduced the inferiority complex feelings that women can have once they see an advertisement with as supermodel.

On the other hand, media should be able to choose whom they desire to be on their advertisement. The media should not be concerned about what people’s opinions and feelings are towards photoshopped supermodels. They should do what is best for their business and not try please everyone. For instance, some fashion brands only hire a specific type of women to advertise their clothing because it fits within their business model. Hence, the media should be able to put up advertisements of whoever they want.

In conclusion, this essay has discussed whether or not more normal people should be included in advertisements. The essay has looked at two main points, the inclusion of average looking people to reduce insecurities and that the media should choose who they want at their own discretion. In my opinion, I believe media should include more average looking, people because it reduces insecurities some people might feel.

Teacher Feedback:

These days with the number of phone applications and digital photo software (software is an uncountable noun, so be careful when combining both uncountable and countable nouns with ‘number of’. It would be better to say ‘the number of phone applications and the amount of digital photo software…’)

These images could have negative consequences to (consequences on or for, not to. Also consider ‘impact on’)

…Therefore, this essay will discuss whether or not the media should include more normal(-)looking people in their advertisements.

The inclusion of average looking people in advertisements would reduce the insecurities feelings (“feelings of insecurity”) customers could have. Customers would not feel inferior and (would) have advertised images that they can relate to. …this has reduced the inferiority complex feelings (feelings of inferiority) that women can have (may experience) once they see an advertisement with as supermodel.

On the other hand, (the) media should be able to choose whom(ever) they desire to be on their advertisement(s). The media should not be concerned about what people’s opinions and feelings are towards (P)hotoshopped supermodels. They should do what is best for their business and not try please everyone. For instance, some fashion brands only hire a specific type of wom(a)n (or ‘specific types of women’) to advertise their clothing because it fits within their business model. Hence, the media should be able to put up advertisements of who(m)ever they want.

.Very good. You write extremely well and present well thought-out arguments. Above are a number of suggested improvements to your writing.

Also, for clarity, it can help to rephrase “more normal-looking people” so that it is no ambiguity about whether you mean “more normal-looking” or “more models”. This can be achieved through “models who are more normal-looking” or “more models who are normal-looking”.

____________________________________________________________________

Did you see your own level of writing in any of these PTE writing practice samples? 

PTE Writing Practice
Click the picture to see the E2Language Live Class Schedule!

Remember that learn –> do –> get feedback is the key to successful writing.

Have you downloaded our 5 free sample PTE essays yet? Fill out the form to do so!

More PTE Writing Practice

PTE Writing live classes for paid members are on Tuesdays at 8pm AEST (Melbourne time).

Make sure you practice your tasks from the website, submit assessment for feedback, discuss writing in your tutorials and attend the live classes! Check out our free PTE writing sample essay, too!

Each improvement in your PTE writing practice will add points value to your test score so it is important to act on the teacher’s feedback.

Good luck and write well!

Follow our social media for more PTE Writing Practice and updates:

 

 

Written by David Williamson.

PTE Vocabulary Tips

An extensive PTE vocabulary can make all the difference in all of the PTE tasks, and it’s crucial to make vocabulary expansion an integral part of your PTE preparation.

Vocabulary is one of the building blocks of language and a necessary requirement for success in the PTE. Being ready for the PTE requires a lot of preparation, including understanding the test, knowing the strategies, and practicing. In addition to all of that, you need vocabulary. It is essential for the reading section, the listening section, for writing a good essay and for being able to speak impressively in the speaking test. To do well, you need to know words. It is believed that it takes 15-20 exposures to a new word for it to become part of your vocabulary. So here are my top 10 methods for integrating new words into your English library.

PTE Vocabulary Tip: Read, read, read!

The more you read, the more words you’ll be exposed to. This is essential for PTE reading preparation, and for increasing your English fluency. Reading doesn’t have to be boring. Read about things that interest you: Food, gardening, fashion, celebrity news, economics, science, politics, etc. As you read, you will discover new words in context. You can infer the meaning of new words from the context of the sentence. If not, then look the word up in an English to English dictionary.

PTE Vocabulary
Reading is one of the most effective ways to expand vocabulary!

PTE Vocabulary Tip: Use an English to English dictionary and Thesaurus.

You can use hard copies or online versions such as dictionary.com and thesaurus.com.  When you come across a new word, look it up in the dictionary. An online dictionary will give you the definition and will let you hear the pronunciation. It’s important not to just use a translation tool. A translation may be helpful for you to understand the meaning of the word in your native language, but it will not help you integrate the word into your English mental library. You need to be able to think of the word in English, and not rely on a translation. Otherwise you will be thinking of the word in your own language and will have difficulty recovering it in English when you need it. Then use the thesaurus to find synonyms. You don’t have to memorise every synonym (there may be too many). Choose a couple of interesting ones and add them to your vocabulary journal.

PTE Vocabulary Tip: Use a vocabulary journal.

This can be a little notebook that you keep with you where you record new words that you hear or read. Steps 4-7 will explain useful ways to use a vocabulary journal.

PTE Vocabulary Tip: Organise your journal thematically.

Group words together that relate to a similar topic to make it easier to remember and relate them. These categories could be food, hobbies, nature, society, etc.

PTE Vocabulary Tip: List the different forms of the word.

For example its noun, verb, adjective and adverb form, as well as its past participle. Let’s take the word “manage”. It is a verb. The noun form is “management”, the adjective is “manageable” and the adverb is “manageably”. The past participle is “managed. Now you know five new words instead of one! A dictionary will usually give you the different word forms abbreviated as (n) for noun (v) for verb, (adj) for adjective and (adv) for adverb.

PTE Vocabulary Tip: Collocate!

List words that the word collocates with. For example, manage effectively; manage competently; efficient management; competent management, etc.

PTE Vocabulary Tip: Write, write, write!

Writing helps to ingrain new words into your memory. When we hear and see a new word, it becomes part of our passive Our passive vocabulary includes words that we can understand but not use. We want to make new words part of our active vocabulary. This means we can both understand and use new words. To do this, we need to use them! One way is to write sentences using the new word in two or more of its word forms. Even better, integrate reading with writing by writing a short summary of an article you have read using 2 or 3 new words from the article in their various forms. Remember to check your spelling! At the end of each week, go back to your list. Pick 10 words from that week and write a short story, even if it’s just 100 words. It can be a personal reflection, a review of something you read that week, or a practice PTE essay.

PTE Vocabulary Tip: Listen!

Hearing words in context will help you hear how words are used and also familiarise you with their pronunciation. Watch music videos or short movie clips on YouTube with English subtitles. When you hear a word that you don’t know, or have difficulty pronouncing, play it again and sound it out. Also, Ted ESL and Ted Ed are great sources for interesting and inspiring talks on a variety of topics. You can watch videos and read the transcripts to see the spelling of new words that you hear in the talks. This will help you understand the pronunciation of words, how they are used in context, and how they are spelt. You’ll notice the big difference this makes on your PTE Listening test, too!

PTE Vocabulary Tip: Learn a word a day.

Check the English Learner’s Dictionary word of the day for a new word each day with the definition, pronunciation, word form and example sentences. Add them to your journal list and use them in your journal writing and PTE writing practice.

PTE Vocabulary Tip: Speak!

Incorporate the new words into your everyday conversation. Talk to your friends about a movie you saw or an article you read, or a hobby you did, using new words you learned that week. The best way to remember words is to use them! This will grow your vocabulary and make the word part of your mental word bank. This will increase your speaking fluency which will help you in the PTE speaking test, and in your everyday English development.

 

Written by Jamal Abilmona.

Jamal Abilmona is an expert IELTS and PTE teacher, curriculum designer and language buff. She has taught English for general and academic purposes in classrooms around the world and currently writes e-learning material for E2Language.com.

 

PTE Summarize Written Text Tips

I remember the first time I encountered the “PTE summarize written text” task in the PTE writing section.

I stared at it for a good minute or two, severely cutting down on the precious 10 minutes I had to complete it. I was so confused- how the heck was I supposed to summarize all those ideas into a single sentence? And how the heck was I going to make this single sentence grammatically correct and well-organized? At first I felt defeated, and angry that I had been given such a seemingly impossible task. But then I realized that I wasn’t there to write the next literary masterpiece of our time, but rather to provide a brief summary of information I already had in front of me.

PTE Summarize Written Text
My face when I first saw the “Summarize Written Text” task!

Understanding how to write in a concise and organized way is crucial to succeeding on the PTE summarize written text task. With this in mind, I want to share with you some of the techniques I used to help me achieve my PTE 90 in writing (both times I took the PTE!).

PTE Summarize Written Text Tip: KISS (keep it simple, stupid!)

No, I’m not calling you stupid! I’m merely pointing out that the most common way that people lose points on the “PTE Summarize Written Text” task is by overcomplicating their sentences. People think that long, complicated sentences are what the PTE examiners are looking for. However, they don’t consider the fact that the more complex a sentence is- the more room there is for error. Once I saw an answer that had five commas, two semi-colons and two colons! That is ridiculous. Try not to use more than three commas MAXIMUM, and don’t you dare use a semi-colon unless you know exactly how to use it!!

 Here’s an example of a poor “Summarize Written Text” response:

Aversion therapy is the current way of treating people’s fears, but scientists have found a new way for patients to overcome their fear, it’s called “decoded neurofeedback”, and it’s through the use of brain scanning technology and artificial intelligence; the technology erases painful memories so that people don’t have to relive them the way they have to in fear aversion therapy.

And here’s a much, much better construction of the same ideas:

Scientists have found a promising alternative to fear aversion therapy that involves using brain scanning technology and artificial intelligence to create “decoded neurofeedback”, a method that essentially erases the fearful memories from one’s mind without needing to evoke them, making it less traumatizing for people who don’t wish to relive their fears through aversion therapy.

Notice how the second example contains only 2 commas, but is still a comprehensive summary of the facts.

PTE Summarize Written Text Tip: Summarize the most important points, not EVERY point.

This one is crucial to remember. So many E2Language students stress about “Summarize Written Text” because they’re worried that they won’t be able to address every point in the paragraph in a single sentence. Well, that’s true. But stop worrying! The PTE examiners aren’t looking for a word-for-word summary, they just want to know that you’ve pinpointed the most important ideas in the text to summarize. Once you get into the habit of identifying key points, it becomes easy to ignore extraneous information. It just takes practice.

PTE Summarize Written Text
When you are practicing for this task, write down the “gist” of a text, then make notes of the extra information that is NOT important. This will help you isolate the key ideas!

Let’s look at an example. Here is a text similar to one you might see on the PTE:

Recording artists are frequently the face of commercial products, and children and adolescents are frequently their target audience. Now, a new study by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center finds that the vast majority of the food and beverage products marketed by some of the most popular music stars are unhealthy. And this type of advertising is contributing to the alarming rise in childhood and teen obesity in America, the authors warn.

Soda and other sugary drinks, fast food and sweets are among the most common food and beverage products endorsed by famous music personalities, according to the descriptive study, which publishes June 6 in Pediatrics. Equally alarming, none of the music stars identified in the study endorsed fruits, vegetables, or whole grains. Only one endorsed a natural food deemed healthy–pistachios.

Now, let’s think about the important information in this text. The “gist” of this article is that recording artists are frequently the face of unhealthy commercial products, and this is contributing to childhood obesity. Great! But there’s also some extraneous information here that we don’t need to cover in our summary.

For example:

  • It’s not necessary to name the medical center that conducted the study- instead we can just say, “a new study indicates that…”
  • We don’t have to mention the date the study will be published, as it’s the content of the study that interests us!
  • We also don’t need to mention that recording artist are the face of many commercial products, as what is important here is the unhealthy food products they are promoting.
  • It’s not essential to talk about the one celebrity who endorsed pistachios, although you could if you wanted to. It’s interesting information, but not really a part of the overall theme of the article.

Here’s what our response could look like:

Famous recording artists often promote unhealthy food and beverage products rather than fruits and vegetables, and a new study suggests that this promotion of fast foods, sugary drinks and sweets is adding to the childhood and teen obesity problem in America.

Bonus PTE Summarize Written Text Tips:

Less is more.

Don’t think you have to write 70 words to get full marks! As we discussed before, a longer sentence leaves you more vulnerable to grammar and sentence structure mistakes. For me, between 35 and 50 words was the magic length. I found that I could summarize the main ideas within this limit without my sentence getting too convoluted.

Use connectors!

Connectors are a great way to avoid overusing commas. To avoid using “and” too much, try to think about the FANBOY connectors. These are:

For

And

Nor

But

Or

Yet

So

Remember, when in doubt, “Fanboy it out!” Okay, I’ll admit it- I’m cheesy!

I hope this helps you on your journey to becoming a “Summarize Written Text” expert! Remember, E2Language.com has a method for this task, and it works. Also, when you sign up to one of our courses, we assess your writing and identify your areas in need of improvement. So if you’re struggling with this task, you should check us out!

Find useful ways to improve your PTE Writing by reading this article: PTE Writing Tips: How to Improve Essay Score

Watch our “PTE Summarize Written Text” method on YouTube here:

What do you struggle with the most when it comes to “Summarize Written Text”? Let me know in the comments!

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Do you think you have the right tools to ace the PTE Summarize Written Text Task?

 

Written by Kaia Myers-Stewart.

PTE Writing Tips: How to Improve Your Essay Score

The PTE writing section can be incredibly intimidating, especially the “write essay” task.

Writing an essay has always been somewhat of an art, even for native English speakers. Many of us just want know the “right” way to write an essay, but unfortunately there never seems to be only one answer!

The most important thing to understand about the “write essay” task is that it needs to be done according to a PTE-specific format. Adopting this format will showcase your ability to organise written ideas in a clear, logical and grammatical way. Some impressive (and correctly used!) vocabulary words will also help your case.

PTE Writing

With this in mind, I’d like to share with you some strategies to help you improve your “write essay” score.

PTE Writing tip #1: Keep it simple.

Long, convoluted sentences with lots of punctuation are your enemy. The more you try to extend your sentences, the more likely you will be to make grammar and punctuation mistakes! The Pearson test assessors are not looking for long, impressive sentences; they are looking for sentences that are clear and logical.

Look at this example:

Although many people are in support of standardized testing, I disagree with it for a few reasons and I will talk about these reasons below, including about the fact that it allows students to cheat more easily and stifles creativity in people.

WOW. What a complicated sentence! The ideas are all there, but they sure are hard to follow.

Let’s try this instead:

Although many people are in support of standardized testing, I am not one of them. In my opinion, standardized testing makes it easier for students to cheat and stifles their creativity. I will discuss these ideas further below.

When I wrote the PTE exam, I adopted this simple writing style and I took absolutely no risks with my punctuation. My result was a score of 90 across all writing related skills, including written discourse and grammar.

Want to see some examples of  PTE 90 level essays? Download 5 free essay samples here:

PTE Writing tip #2: Take the time to plan your points.

A lot of people run out of time writing their PTE essay because they change their minds about their arguments halfway through and must begin again. People often think that the best tactic is to just begin writing and get the ball rolling, and that the ideas will follow. Unfortunately, this is rarely how it works and in general, creating a plan will save you from having to stop and restart.

People will often say that they don’t write out an essay plan because they’re afraid of wasting valuable time. I understand this logic, but I can promise you that it really doesn’t take long to jot down a few quick ideas on your erasable noteboard booklet, especially if you have a method. The E2Language method breaks “planning” into 3 easy steps that take less than two minutes. You can find this method in our PTE “Write Essay” webinar, included in our PTE course preparation packages.

Here is a “planning” hint from our webinar:

Screenshot 2016-09-15 01.23.28

PTE Writing tip #3: Use the “right” format.

When many of our PTE students hear the word “essay”, they automatically understand it to mean a text with 5 paragraphs that includes an introduction, three arguments and a conclusion. They panic because they realize how unrealistic it is to write all of that content in just 20 minutes with a 300-word limit!

Here’s the thing: you are NOT expected to structure your essay this way. In other words, the standard 5-paragraph template that everyone knows is not the “right” template for the PTE essay section. You don’t have enough time to complete an essay in this style, and you probably won’t be able to think of enough arguments to support your ideas either!

So, what can you do instead?

I want you to keep in mind that there may be multiple “right” answers when it comes to structuring your essay, so here are two examples of essay structures that consistently work on for PTE:

Structure 1: Weigh the arguments

Paragraph 1: Introduction of the topic

Paragraph 2: Arguments for

Paragraph 3: Arguments against

Paragraph 4: Conclusion – tell the reader which argument is most convincing (in your opinion)

Structure 2: Choose a side and stick with it

Paragraph 1: Introduction of the topic

Paragraph 2: Argument 1 (e.g. against)

Paragraph 3. Argument 2 (e.g. against)

Paragraph 4: Conclusion – sum up the arguments you made in paragraph 1 and 2

Each of these paragraphs need only be a few sentences long to clearly get your point across. Again, for more information about essay structure methods, our PTE “write essay’ webinar is a great place to start! In addition, check out this great article about writing essay conclusions in English.

PTE Writing Bonus Tip: Brush up on your academic vocabulary!

I am a native speaker of English who has published academic articles in the past and I STILL didn’t get full vocabulary points on the PTE. I got an 89, so I’m not that upset – but my score really illustrates to me how important it is to know the vocabulary that the PTE is looking for.

How can you build this vocabulary? Well, you can READ! Read newspaper articles, read novels, read autobiographies, read whatever you can get your hands on! Reading not only increases your vocabulary, it enhances your understanding of context. We’ve all had an experience where we’ve attempted to use a new and exciting ‘big word’, only to have someone point out that we’ve used it incorrectly!

Speaking of reading, E2Language has an academic word list that goes hand in hand with our pronunciation app (e2pronounce) so you can practice your vocabulary and pronunciation simultaneously!

Download e2pronounce as part of your PTE course package!
You can download e2pronounce as part of your PTE course package.

Remember, the PTE writing section (including the PTE Summarize Written Text task) is not about making you write the next literary masterpiece, it’s about assessing your ability to organise ideas clearly and logically, using good grammatical structure and vocabulary. That’s it. And trust me, anyone can do this if they have the right tools.

Check out E2 PTE YouTube to improve your PTE Writing!

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Do you think you have the right tools to ace the PTE Essay task?

 

Written by Kaia Myers-Stewart