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Congratulations on choosing to take PTE Academic, Pearson’s world-leading English language test for study, work and migration. Now that you have decided which test you need, it’s time to learn how to achieve the highest possible score on test day. To help you, we have created this guide for how to best structure your PTE Writing. If you follow these recommendations, it will help you to achieve a great score in your PTE Writing. 

PTE Write Essay

This PTE Writing task requires you to write a 200–300 word essay in 20 minutes. There is no time to waste, and you need to be very well prepared before your test day.

Use an Essay structure

It’s important to remember that the essay can be written in four paragraphs and that each paragraph can be structured to answer the question fully, while presenting a well organised discourse. Each sentence should serve a specific purpose, and the structure can look like this:

PTE Writing essay structure. Introduction, Body , Conclusion General statement about the topic
Rephrase the question 
Thesis statement

Commit this structure to memory

It will be helpful when you sit your PTE Writing exam. It will help sort out your nerves as it allows you to present a logical structure that develops your ideas in an organised way. Every sentence has a purpose.

You need to remember to write some simple and some complex sentences as well. This means sentences that have one subject and verb, and others that have more than one subject and more than one verb, and the clauses are linked with conjunctions. To learn how to write complex sentences well, attend E2’s PTE Writing Live Classes.

Essay Structure

The INTRODUCTION in PTE Writing will start with a general statement, which can be a fact, quote or other relevant introductory point about the topic. This should be followed with a a paraphrase of the question. Finally, the introduction should present your thesis statement, which is your personal opinion on the topic, which may begin “This essay will…”

Each BODY paragraph will state the topic, or the main idea, in the first sentence. This idea should then be extended and supported in the following sentence. Then you can build on this with an example or two in the third sentence. Finally, you should round off by referring (linking) back to the question or the opening sentence, or linking on to the next paragraph. This body paragraph structure can then be repeated in BODY 2.

In the CONCLUSION, you should restate your two main ideas, one from each BODY paragraph, summarising your argument. Then state your overall opinion, which is what you presented in the thesis statement. Make sure you write this well because you want to finish with an impactful final sentence.

Easy? Well, only after you have tried and failed about six times, or until you put into practice your theory, under timed conditions, and have received guidance and feedback from expert markers. Remember to follow the advice of PTE Writing teachers to improve your grammar, phrasing, spelling and organisation of your ideas. It is important to reflect on advice from teachers and markers, and improve each time, so that you are happy with your word choices, structure and overall expression of your ideas.

Learn how to satisfy the criteria for PTE Writing and how to structure your essay with our PTE Writing article.

PTE Summarise Written Text

In this task, you need to summarise a text of about 300 words into a single sentence in 10 minutes. Here’s how:

Skim the text to get an overall idea of the topic. This will give you ideas for your summary straight away. Then read through properly, taking brief notes on your pad of the main ideas. These most likely will come firstly from the opening sentence(s), then from the middle of the text, then from the conclusion.

From these notes of the main ideas, you should then paraphrase – that is, put the information into your own words. Remember to keep the meaning of the whole text in your mind as you write the sentence.

Make sure that you write a complex sentence with a relative clause, like this:

subject, + (who, which, that) relative clause, + (conjunction) rest of sentence …

The main idea is the subject. The relative clause describes the subject. Then the rest of the sentence expresses the object and other information, such as the effect, or the reason, or an extension of the same idea, or the contradiction, or the result.

The sentence must be 5 to 75 words long – no more, no less. Here are some examples of complex sentences:

The minister, who had recently been voted into office, was responsible for making constitutional changes and law reforms which had immediate effects on his constituents.

Dolphins, which are rarely seen along the south coast, have been known to guide whales through the heads and out into the ocean, saving them from being stranded on the beach.

The introduction of mandatory visas that began in 2018 has resulted in a limited flow of new migrants into the education, hospitality, agriculture and tourism industries, causing labour shortages.

After you have written your summary sentence, read it back out loud to see if it makes sense. If it doesn’t, then it contains errors which you need to correct as best as you can before submitting it, including typing errors and spelling.

Practise makes perfect!

Practise, practise, practise!  As you do, make sure your sentence contains the ideas that ensure it makes sense. And remember to get feedback to help you improve. You can attend our E2 Live Classes, take a Tutorial, and submit Writing for feedback from our expert PTE teachers. Preparing well and setting goals will ensure that you are successful in the PTE-A!

Good luck! See you in class.

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