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Which of the following are true statements about the Titanic?

A) Nobody had thought of installing enough lifeboats to accommodate all the passengers.

B) The officers had grave concerns about the lifeboats would not be capable of holding so many passengers.

C) The news of this tragic event created waves of sadness across the world.

D) The enormous loss of life on the Titanic was primarily caused by inadequate equipment, training and procedures.

Lessons from the Titanic

At the time of the Titanic’s maiden voyage in 1912, the ship was confidently proclaimed to be unsinkable. Her builders, crew and passengers had no doubt that she was the finest ship ever built. But still she did sink on April 14, 1912, taking 1,517 of her passengers and crew with her. The Titanic had sixteen lifeboats which could carry just over half the number of people on board and only a third of the Titanic’s total capacity. The belief that the Titanic was unsinkable was so strong that passengers and crew alike clung to the belief even as she was actually sinking. Not realising the magnitude of the impending disaster themselves, the officers allowed several boats to be lowered only half full. The officers were afraid the lifeboats would buckle under the weight of the passengers as they had not been informed that the lifeboats had been fully tested prior to departure. As the Titanic sank, another ship, believed to have been the Californian, was seen less than twenty miles away. The Californian’s wireless operator slept unaware while 1,500 Titanic passengers and crew drowned only a few miles away.

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B and D

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The paleolithic diet is based mainly on foods presumed to be available to paleolithic humans who lived 2.6 million years ago. This diet includes vegetables, fruits, nuts, roots, meat, and organ meats. The Paleolothic diet excludes foods such as dairy products, grains, sugar, legumes, processed oils, salt, and alcohol or coffee. The diet is based on avoiding not just modern processed foods, but also on eating the foods that humans during Paleolithic times ate. Like other fad diets, the Paleo diet as it is referred to, is promoted as a way of improving health.  There is limited data on the health effects on humans eating this diet.

The digestive abilities of modern humans are different from those of paleolithic humans, undermining the diet’s core premise. Although little is known about the diet of Paleolithic humans, it is very likely that they consumed wild grains and legumes. During the Paleolithic era, the highly variable climate and worldwide spread of human population meant that humans were nutritionally adaptable. In contrast, supporters of the diet assume that human digestion has remained essentially unchanged over time.

Which of the following are true statements about the paleolithic diet?

A) It has little proven health benefits.

B) It is based on what our human ancestors ate.

C) It is adapted to the digestion of modern humans.

D) Our human ancestors probably ate more than what is included in today’s “paleolithic” diet.

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A and D

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Nefertiti (ca. 1370 – ca. 1330 BC) was an Egyptian queen and the Great Royal Wife (chief consort) of Akhenaten, an Egyptian Pharaoh. Nefertiti and her husband were known for a religious revolution, in which they worshiped one god only, Aten, or the sun disc. Akhenaten and Nefertiti were responsible for the creation of a whole new religion which changed the ways of religion within Egypt. With her husband, she reigned at what was arguably the wealthiest period of Ancient Egypt. Some scholars believe that Nefertiti ruled briefly as Neferneferuaten after her husband’s death and before the accession of Tutankhamun, although this is a matter of ongoing debate.

Which of the following are true statements about Nefertiti?

A) Nefertiti and her husband believed in a single deity.

B) Nefertiti is the most famous queen in Egypt’s history.

C) Nefertiti was an Egyptian Pharaoh.

D) Nefertiti ruled over Egypt during its most prosperous time.

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A and D